Explaining how the miracle of the speed of light comes about!

Frank Pio Russo - January 23, 2013. (Revised January 24, 2013)

Abstract: Unravelling the mystery of the speed of light and explaining how it can appear to be going at the same speed regardless of any orbital speed. The key to this is that what we measure at the moment is distance rather than speed...  and even the GPS works on average speed of the away and return trip rather than actual speed, or so they say.

In actual fact there are 3 different speeds of light. One is the regular or 'actual' speed which is the same as the aberration measured speed, and is 304,475,873.2 m/sec. A second speed is the derived or 'experimental' speed which we have historically measured... this is 299,792,458 m/sec. The third speed is of course the 'inflated' speed, which results from the tangential motion of the emitter ... this is equal to the speed along the hypotenuse of the triangle where the base is the absolute tangential speed of the emitter, and the upright is the actual speed namely 304,475,873.2 m/sec and works out to approximately 309,232,453.6 m/sec... (this inflated speed is of course only a theoretical consideration which serves us well in visualizing what takes place.)   

In recent weeks I've gone a long way into explaining how the speed of light functions... however, I still haven't explained how we can perceive an inflated "c" that's the same as the aberration "c"... also how exactly can the experimental c of 299,792,458 m/sec hold true for distances perpendicular to the absolute velocity. This appears to be the case for the GPS system to function correctly (but it actually uses the average of the two legs of the return trip... to and from the target)!

Well, in the paper about meshing the speeds of light, (see www.frankrusso.net/meshing_the_3_speeds_of_light.htm ), I established the relative distance (along the absolute velocity direction), - mapped out by 2 seconds of light - involving a forward and return leg, as 299,792,458 m. So obviously one subjectively has taken this as the 'speed' of light... however this is not so! The forward speed is much slower and lasts a bit longer than 1 second, because of the forward absolute motion, and the return leg is obviously much faster and lasts a bit less than 1 second (resulting in 299,792,458 m for each leg) [1]! However once science mistakenly came up with this conception and naturally used the same length for the perpendicular speed of light, the "miracle" was brought about!

How was this accomplished? Well 299,792,458 m/sec actually represents 0.984618107 of the true aberration speed of light [2], the latter being equal to 304,475,873.2 m/sec [3]... this means that when you look at the "activity" triangle with V-absolute along the base, and 299,792,458 m/sec along the upright... then the hypotenuse becomes only 0.984618107 of the c-inflated... Hence a miracle has been seen to be happening: we appear to have c the same speed for both orbital and perpendicular motion... in  our absolute  frame as 304,475,873.2 m/sec... but of course that's not strictly true! This is simply because 0.984618107 of the c-inflated is equal to c-aberration! And in the relative frame we have the same distance mapped out for both the orbital and the perpendicular - despite different speeds involved - namely 299,792,458 m!

A more accurate way of explaining the process, is that the extra length involved in defining the 'inflated' actually slows the 'real' speed down to become the 'experimental' speed... this means that the 'inflated' is really a distance rather than a speed and this is why I said earlier that it was only a theoretical consideration. The same is true along the orbit as well... there's an inflation of length that slows the 'real' from 304,475,873.2 m/sec to the 'experimental' of 299,792,458 m/sec.

This is how the "miracle" of the "constant" speed of light - regardless of whether you're in the subjective frame or the absolute frame - takes place! I began thinking about this paradox in 1981... beginning my intense struggle on the subject a bit later in 1987 - on the centenary of the Michelson-Morley experiment. It's now been 25 years and I feel satisfied with the results achieved!

In conclusion then, any sane person will accept that motion is real, and that time is merely a derived concept from comparing different motions... it is only a "tool"! Only two types of people believe in einsteinian relativity: those who are psychotic and those who do not understand its implications! The reason Einstein is credited with relativity is because he was the only one bold or insane enough to take credit for such ideas... by 1905 everything about relativity had already been published by men such as Fitzgerald, Lorentz and Poincare... yet both Lorentz and Michelson were not insane enough to subscribe to the theory!

I am glad to have seen the day when sanity and rationality is to triumph over fudge-factors and science fiction principles!

Frank Russo.

Ps - the "inflated" speed of light is only a theoretical consideration which serves us well in visualizing what takes place... however the true speed of light is of course the "aberration" speed.


1. Russo F.P.(1998) The Michelson-Morley experiment : the final solution? (Addendum); Speculations in Science and Technology, 21, 201-203.

2. Russo F.P.(1998) The Michelson-Morley experiment : the final solution? Speculations in Science and Technology, 21, 73-78.

3. Russo F.P.(1995) Analysis of Stellar Aberration yields the real speed of Light. Speculations in Science and Technology,18, 200- 204.

BACK TO ARTICLES: www.frankrusso.net/articles.html 


Web Analytics